The Provincial Prison for women in Barcelona, the main female penitentiary along the First Francoism, was originally a Correccional General de Dones (General Correctional for Women) of the Generalitat de Catalunya (Catalan Government, 1936-1939).
The revolutionary outbreak that crushed the attempted military coup was the main impulse behind the transfer of powers in terms of correctional services from the State to the Catalan Government. This was enacted by the Statute of Autonomy of 1932 and suspended later in the wake of the repression following the insurrection attempt of October 1934.
AHCB-AF. Pérez de Rozas, Carlos. 006202. Demolition works of Presó Vella in Barcelona. October 29th, 1936.
Imprisonment of Otília Castellví: the ‘antifascist’ prisoners
On 21 August 1937, the young Otília Castellví (Gijón, 1917), a member of the POUM) (Workers’ Party of Marxist Unification) entered Les Corts in the context of the punitive raids following the so called ‘May incidents’ of 1937.