Les Corts prison's history

The Provincial Prison for women in Barcelona, the main female penitentiary along the First Francoism, was originally a Correccional General de Dones (General Correctional for Women) of the Generalitat de Catalunya (Catalan Government,  1936-1939).

E.g., 2023

The Provincial Prison for Women of Barcelona

Occupied the Catalan capital by the rebel forces on January 26, three days later the first woman entered the so-called “Provincial Prison of Barcelona”, inaugurating a great rise of arrests.

 

1939
January
Exterior view of Les Corts Prison building, garden and orchard
Exterior view of Les Corts Prison building, garden and orchard

Execution of Carme Claramunt Barot

Throughout 1939 and 1940, 12 inmates from les Corts were executed (10 during the first year). The executions, by firing squad most of them, were carried out by the sandy areas in the “Campo de la Bota”, on the outskirts of Barcelona, after the women had paid the customary visit to the chapel at the Presó Model.

1939
April
Archivo familiar. Carme Claramunt Barot, s/f. Cortesía de Emili Ferrando, Conxita Romeu y Joan Mercadé
Archivo familiar. Carme Claramunt Barot, s/f. Cortesía de Emili Ferrando, Conxita Romeu y Joan Mercadé